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Rules of Evidence Table of Contents

RULES OF EVIDENCE

ARTICLE I. GENERAL PROVISIONS

Rule 103. Rulings On Evidence


    (a) Specific objection. A general objection shall not be sufficient to raise or preserve an issue for appeal.

    (b) Effect of erroneous ruling. Error may not be predicated upon a ruling which admits or excludes evidence unless a substantial right of the party is affected, and

        (1) Objection. In case the ruling is one admitting evidence, a contemporaneous objection appears of record, stating explicitly the specific ground of objection; all other grounds for objection shall be deemed waived; or

        (2) Offer of proof. In case the ruling is one excluding evidence, the record indicates that the substance of the evidence was contemporaneously made known to the court by offer of proof.

    (c) Record of offer and ruling. The court may add any other or further statement which shows the character of the evidence, the form in which it was offered, the objection made, and the ruling thereon. It may direct the making of an offer in question and answer form.

    (d) Hearing of jury. In jury cases, proceedings shall be conducted, to the extent practicable, so as to prevent inadmissible evidence from being suggested to the jury by any means, such as making statements or offers of proof or asking questions in the hearing of the jury.

    (e) Exceptions unnecessary. Taking of exceptions is no longer necessary in matters of evidence.

    (f)  Plain error.  Nothing in this rule precludes taking notice of plain errors affecting substantial rights although they were not brought to the attention of the court.

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