Circuit Court Family Division Rules Table of Contents
SECTION 1 -- GENERAL PROVISIONS
These rules are established and relate to the Judicial Branch Family
Division pursuant to RSA 490-D.
1.1 Scope and Application: These general provisions apply to all family division case types, unless otherwise stated. All references to “judge” include “marital master” unless otherwise stated. References in court rules to the judicial branch family division shall be deemed to include the circuit court – family division; references to the district court shall be deemed to include the circuit court – district division; and references to the probate court shall be deemed to include the circuit court – probate division.
1.2 Waiver of Rules: As good cause appears and as justice may require, the family division may waive the application of any rule, except where prohibited by law.
A. The appropriate fee must accompany all filings. All fees shall be consolidated into a single payment, when possible.
B. 18.22% of the entry fee paid in each petition and cross-petition in marital cases ($41.00) shall be deposited into the mediation and arbitration fund to be used to pay for mediation where both parties are indigent.
C. (1) Original Entry of all Marital Matters, Parenting Petitions
(including Order of Notice and Guardian ad Litem Fee) and Foreign Decrees $225.00
(2) Cross Petition in all original entry Marital Matters and
Parenting Petitions $225.00
(3) Petition to Change Court Order in all Marital Matters and
(a) With full agreement $100.00
(b) Without full agreement $225.00
D. (1) Divorce Certificate (VSR) only $10.00
(2) Divorce Certificate, Certified Copy of Decree and if applicable,
Agreement, QDRO, USO, and other Decree-related documents $40.00
E. Petition for Ex Parte Attachment; Ex Parte Petition for Writ
of Trustee Process $40.00
F. Reissued Orders of Notice $25.00
G. Writ of Execution $40.00
H. Petition for Termination of Parental Rights $155.00
I. Petition for Guardian Minor Person; Petition Change of
Name (includes one certificate) $85.00
J. Petition for Adoption, includes one certificate (no entry
fee when accompanied by a Petition for termination) $125.00
K. Motion for Successor Guardian of Person $50.00
L. Surcharges and Additional Fees
(1) Pursuant to RSA 490:26-a, II, the sum of $25.00 shall be added to each civil filing fee set forth in paragraphs (C)(1), (C)(2), (C)(3), (H), (I), and (J) above, except for the following types of cases which pursuant to RSA 490:26-a, II(b) are exempt from the surcharge:
(a) Actions relating to children under RSA 169-B, RSA 169-C, and RSA 169-D.
(b) Domestic violence actions under RSA 173-B.
(2) On the commencement of any proceeding involving the determination of parental rights and responsibilities for which a fee is required, including petitions and cross-petitions for divorce with minor children, an additional fee of $2.00 shall be paid by the petitioner or cross-petitioner.
M. OTHER FEES:
(1) Defaults in Minor Guardianship Actions $25.00/each occurrence
(2) Citations in Minor Guardianship Actions $50.00/each occurrence
(3) Duplicate Audio $25.00/each CD or download
(4) Application to Appear Pro Hac Vice $250.00
N. CERTIFICATES & COPIES:
(1) Certificates $10.00
(2) Certification $10.00 plus copy fee
All other copied material $.50/page
(3) Certificate of Judgment $10.00
(4) Exemplification of Judgment $40.00
"Certificates & Copies" shall apply to individual requests for the above services, requests for additional certificates beyond those provided with the original entries and requests for additional copies beyond those provided with the original entry fees.
O. The family division may waive any fee for good cause shown.
P. Records Research Fees:
(1) Record information must be requested in writing and include the individual's full name and, if available, the individual's date of birth. A fee of $20 per name will be assessed for up to 5 names. Additional names will be assessed $5 per name.
(2) The Clerk may waive the records research fee when a request for record information is made by a member of the media consistent with the public's right to access court records under the New Hampshire Constitution.
1.4 Open to the Public: Hearings in the family division are open to the public unless otherwise specified by statute or order.
1.5 Courtroom Conduct: Any person addressing the Court or questioning a witness shall stand, unless excused by the Court. No person shall approach the bench without permission of the Court.
1.6 Recordings: All hearings held in the courtroom shall be recorded electronically. Recordings need not be monitored unless a party files a formal request for a record and the trial judge determines that the procedures for monitor-less recordings will not adequately protect the record. In making this determination the Court should consider the quality of the recording device, the general sound quality of the courtroom, the nature of the proceedings, and the likelihood of a transcription request.
1.7 Clerk’s Office and Judge’s Chambers:
A. No petitioners, respondents, witnesses, police personnel, prosecutors,
attorneys, or others shall be permitted into a Clerk's office or judge's
chambers, except when necessary and as authorized by the Court.
B. Official business should be transacted in an area set aside as being accessible to the public for that purpose.
C. No person shall make any statement with regard to the merits of that person's case, orally or in writing, to any judge in whose court or before whom any case is pending or to be heard except in open court or in the presence of all parties.
D. Any person who shall make any such statement to any judge, except in open court or in the presence of all parties, may be subject to contempt proceedings under RSA 495:2.
1.8 Case Transfer:
A. Any case filed in one family division location involving a family that has another active case filed at a different family division location may be transferred to a single location upon motion by any party or upon independent action of the family division. A party wishing to transfer such a case shall file a motion to transfer with the proposed family division location, with a copy to the original family division location. A transfer of the case will take place only upon mutual agreement of both family division locations.
B. Parties who have cases filed in both family division and non-family division locations may request that one case or the other be transferred so that both may be heard at the same location. Similarly, either Court may, on its own motion, recommend transfer. A transfer of the case will take place only upon mutual agreement of both Courts. The request to transfer shall be filed with the court from which the case will be transferred.
1.9 Multiple Case Filings:
A. In the event that two petitions for divorce, parenting, legal separation, or other action are filed involving the same parties but at different family division locations, the court shall transfer one case, considering the second case filed to be a cross-petition in the same action. In deciding which location will retain jurisdiction, the Court will consider, among other factors, convenience of the parties and witnesses and the timing of the filing of the respective petitions.
B. In the event two such petitions are filed involving the same parties, one in a family division location and one in a superior court, upon motion of either party or upon independent action of the Court, and upon consultation of the Courts, and upon consideration of such factors as convenience to the parties and witnesses, the cases shall be heard in a single location.
1.10 Recusal: All grounds for recusal that are known or should reasonably be known prior to trial or hearing shall be incorporated in a written motion for recusal and filed promptly with the court. Grounds for recusal shall be immediately brought to the attention of the court. Failure to raise a basis for recusal shall constitute a waiver of the right to request recusal on such ground. If a record of the proceedings is not available, the Court shall make a record of the request, the Court’s findings, and its order. The Court's ruling on the motion shall issue promptly. If the motion is denied, the Court’s ruling shall be supported by findings of fact with respect to the allegations contained in the motion.
1.11 Interpreters: If an objection is raised, no person who has assisted in the preparation of a case shall act as an interpreter at the hearing.
1.12 Scheduling: Parties are expected to attend court prepared to select dates for future hearings.
1.13 Computation and Extension of Time: In computing any period of time, the day of the act, event, or default after which the designated period of time begins to run shall not be included. The last day of the period so computed shall be included, unless it is a Saturday, Sunday, or a legal holiday, as specified in RSA 288, in which case the period shall extend until the end of the next day that is not a Saturday, Sunday, or a legal holiday.
1.14 Guardians ad Litem:
A. Certification by the New Hampshire Guardian ad Litem Board (referred to in this rule as the “Board”) in superior, district and probate courts is encouraged to ensure adequate numbers of guardians ad litem who are qualified to serve in all categories of family division cases.
B. At a minimum, persons serving as guardians ad litem in the family division must be Board certified as follows:
(1) For appointment in family division cases of divorce, legal separation, parental rights and responsibilities, guardians ad litem must be Board-certified in the superior court.
(2) For appointment in family division cases of juvenile delinquency, children in need of services, and abuse and neglect, guardians ad litem must be Board certified in the district court.
(3) For appointment in family division cases of termination of parental rights, guardianship of minors, or adoption, guardians ad litem must be Board-certified in the probate court.
(4) For appointment in family division cases of domestic violence, guardians ad litem must be Board-certified in either superior or district court.
C. Untimely-filed Guardian ad Litem Reports.
(1) A guardian ad litem who, without good cause, fails to file a report required by any Court or statute by the date the report is due may be subject to a fine of not less than $100 and not more than the amount of costs and attorneys fees incurred by the parties to the action for the day of the hearing. The guardian ad litem shall not be subject to the fine under this rule if, at least ten (10) days prior to the date the report is due, the GAL files a motion requesting an extension of time to file the report. See RSA 490:26-g.
(2) The Clerk shall report to the Guardian ad Litem Board all guardians ad litem who fail to file a report by the date the report is due. However, the report shall clearly indicate all such guardians for whom the court has found good cause for the late filing. The Clerk shall make such report available to the public.
1.15 Recommendations/Ex Parte Orders: Recommendations of marital masters may be approved in person, by facsimile transmission, by telephone or electronically. Such recommendations may be approved by any judge of the state, regardless of whether they are specially designated as family division judges. Any judge of the state may issue emergency orders for family division cases in person, by telephone, by facsimile transmission or electronically. All such orders shall be transmitted to the appropriate family division location upon execution. See RSA 490-D:9.
1.16 Appearances: A lawyer intending to represent a party must file a written Appearance.
1.17 Special Appearances: Special Appearances shall be deemed general thirty (30) days after the return day of the action, unless a special plea or motion to dismiss is filed within that time.
1.18 Non-Lawyer Representation:
A. No person who is not a lawyer will be permitted to appear, plead, prosecute or defend an action for any party, other than the person’s own case, unless of good character and until there is on file with the court:
(1) A power of attorney signed by the party for whom the person seeks to appear, witnessed and acknowledged before a Justice of the Peace or Notary Public, authorizing this person to appear in the particular action; and
(2) An affidavit in which the person discloses:
(a) all misdemeanor and felony convictions (other than those in which a record of the conviction has been annulled by statute),
(b) all instances in which the person has been found by any court to have violated a court order or any provision of the rules of professional conduct applicable to non-lawyer representatives,
(c) all prior proceedings in which the person has been permitted to appear, plead, prosecute or defend any action for any party, other than himself, in any court,
(d) all prior proceedings in which the person has not been
permitted to appear, plead, prosecute or defend any action for any party, other
than himself or herself in any court, and
all prior proceedings in which the person’s permission to appear, plead,
prosecute or defend any action for any party, other than himself or herself, in
any court, has been revoked.
B. Any person who is not a lawyer who is permitted to represent any other person before any court of this State must comply with the Rules of Professional Conduct as set forth in Professional Conduct Rule 8.5, and shall be subject to the jurisdiction of the Committee on Professional Conduct.
all prior proceedings in which the person’s permission to appear, plead,
prosecute or defend any action for any party, other than himself or herself, in
any court, has been revoked.
1.19 Limited Representation By Attorneys:
A. Limited Appearance. To the extent permitted by Rule 1.2 of the New Hampshire Rules of Professional Conduct, an attorney providing limited representation to an otherwise unrepresented litigant may file a limited appearance on behalf of such unrepresented party. The limited appearance shall state precisely the scope of the limited representation, and the attorney’s involvement in the matter shall be limited only to what is specifically stated. The requirements of Family Division Rule 1.24 shall apply to every pleading and motion signed by the limited representation attorney. An attorney who has filed a limited appearance and who later files a pleading or motion outside the scope of the limited representation shall be deemed to have amended the limited appearance to extend to such filing. An attorney who signs a writ, petition, counterclaim, cross-claim or any amendment which is filed with the court, will be considered to have filed a general appearance and for the remainder of that attorney’s involvement in the case, shall not be considered as a limited representation attorney under these rules; provided, however, if such attorney properly withdraws from the case and the withdrawal is allowed by the Court, the attorney could later file a limited appearance in the same matter.
B. Pleadings Prepared for Unrepresented Party. When an attorney provides limited representation to an otherwise unrepresented party, by drafting a document to be filed by such party with the court in a proceeding in which:
(1) the attorney is not entering any appearance, or
(2) the attorney has entered a limited appearance which does not include representation regarding such document, the attorney is not required to disclose the attorney’s name on such pleading to be used by that party; any pleading drafted by such limited representation attorney, however, must conspicuously contain the statement “This pleading was prepared with the assistance of a New Hampshire attorney.” The unrepresented party must comply with this required disclosure. Notwithstanding that the identity of the drafting attorney need not be required to be disclosed under this rule, by drafting a pleading to be used in court by an otherwise unrepresented party, the limited representation attorney shall be deemed to have made those same certifications as set forth in Family Division Rule 1.24 despite the fact the pleading need not be signed by the attorney.
C. Automatic Termination of Limited Representation. Any limited representation appearance filed by an attorney, as authorized under Professional Conduct Rule 1.2(f)) and Family Division Rule 1.19, shall automatically terminate upon completion of the agreed representation, without the necessity of leave of Court, provided that the attorney shall provide the court a “withdrawal of limited appearance” form giving notice to the court and all parties of the completion of the limited representation and termination of the limited appearance. Any attorney having filed a limited appearance who seeks to withdraw prior to the completion of the limited representation stated in the limited appearance, however, must comply with Family Division Rule 1.20.
1.20 Withdrawal and New Representation:
A. Subject to limited representation under Family Division Rule 1.19, Rule 3.12 relating to the withdrawal of appointed counsel in Juvenile Delinquency matters and subject to Professional Conduct Rule 1.2(f), an attorney may withdraw at any time unless a hearing or trial is scheduled within 60 days. If a hearing or trial is scheduled within 60 days, an attorney must file a motion to withdraw.
B. Any motion to withdraw filed by counsel shall clearly set forth the reason for the request and contain a certification that copies have been sent to all other counsel or opposing parties, if appearing pro se, and to counsel's client at the client's last known address, which shall be fully set forth within the body of the motion. A factor which may be considered by the Court in determining whether good cause for withdrawal has been shown is the client's failure to meet the financial obligations to pay for the attorney's services. Notice by mail shall be sent to all counsel of record, or parties if unrepresented by counsel, and to the client of withdrawing counsel, at the client's last known address.
C. Upon receipt of a motion to withdraw and any related objections, the court will give the motion and any objections expedited consideration, rule upon the motion to withdraw, or schedule a hearing as promptly as the docket allows. If withdrawing counsel's client fails to appear at said hearing, the Court may, in its discretion, and without further notice to said client, grant the withdrawal, order the hearing date continued, or make such other orders as justice may require.
Pro Hac Vice Representation:
A. An attorney who is not a member of the Bar of this State (a “Nonmember Attorney”) who wishes to participate in any hearing must file an application to appear pro hac vice. The application shall contain the following information:
(1) The applicant's residence and business address;
(2) The name, address and phone number of each client sought to be represented;
(3) The courts before which the applicant has been admitted to practice and the respective period(s) of admission;
(4) Whether the applicant:
(a) has been denied admission pro hac vice in this State;
(b) had admission pro hac vice revoked in this State; or
(c) has otherwise formally been disciplined or sanctioned by any court in this State. If so, the applicant shall specify the nature of the allegations; the name of the authority bringing such proceedings; the caption of the proceedings; the date filed; and what findings were made and what action was taken in connection with those proceedings;
(5) Whether any formal, written disciplinary proceeding has ever been brought against the applicant by any disciplinary authority in any other jurisdiction within the last five years and, as to each such proceeding: the nature of the allegations; the name of the person or authority bringing such proceedings; the date the proceedings were initiated and finally concluded; the style of the proceedings; and the findings made and actions taken in connection with those proceedings;
(6) Whether the applicant has been formally held in contempt or otherwise sanctioned by any court in a written order in the last five years for disobedience to its rules or orders, and, if so: the nature of the allegations; the name of the court before which such proceedings were conducted; the date of the contempt order or sanction, the caption of the proceedings, and the substance of the court's rulings (a copy of the written order or transcript of the oral rulings shall be attached to the application); and
(7) The name and address of each court or agency and a full identification of each proceeding in which the applicant has filed an application to appear pro hac vice in this State within the preceding two years; the date of each application; and the outcome of the application.
(8) In addition, unless this requirement is waived by the family division, the verified application shall contain the name, address, telephone number and bar number of an active member in good standing of the Bar of this State (the “In-State Attorney”) who will be associated with the applicant and present at any hearing. However, presence of New Hampshire Bar member may be waived by the Court.
B. The Court has discretion to grant applications for admission pro hac vice. An application ordinarily should be granted unless the Court finds reason to believe that:
(1) such admission may be detrimental to the prompt, fair and efficient administration of justice;
(2) such admission may be detrimental to legitimate interests of parties to the proceedings other than the client(s) the applicant proposes to represent;
(3) one or more of the clients the applicant proposes to represent may be at risk of receiving inadequate representation and cannot adequately appreciate that risk; or
(4) the applicant has engaged in such frequent appearances as to constitute common practice in this State.
C. When a Nonmember Attorney appears for a client in a proceeding pending in this state, either in the role of co-counsel of record with the In-State Attorney, or in an advisory or consultative role, the In-State Attorney who is co-counsel or counsel of record for that client in the proceeding remains responsible to the client and responsible for the conduct of the proceeding before the court or agency. It is the duty of the In-State Attorney to advise the client of the In-State Attorney’s independent judgment on contemplated actions in the proceeding if that judgment differs from that of the Nonmember Attorney.
D. An applicant for permission to appear pro hac vice shall pay a non-refundable fee of $250.00; provided that not more than one application fee may be required per Nonmember Attorney for consolidated or related matters regardless of how many applications are made in the consolidated or related proceedings by the Nonmember Attorney; and further provided that the requirement of an application fee may be waived to permit pro bono representation of an indigent client or clients, in the discretion of the court.
1.22 Testimony of Attorney or Witness:
A. No attorney shall be compelled to testify in any case unless provided with five (5) days’ written notice.
B. Witness Testimony: Witnesses may appear voluntarily on behalf of any party, or may be compelled to appear through the subpoena procedures set forth in RSA 516, et seq.
A. Copies of all pleadings filed and communications addressed to the court shall be provided to all other counsel or to the opposing party if appearing pro se. When an attorney has filed a limited appearance under Family Division Rule 1.19 A, copies of pleadings filed and communications addressed to the court shall be furnished both to the opposing party who is receiving the limited representation and to the limited representation attorney. After the limited representation attorney files that attorney’s “withdrawal of limited appearance” form, as provided in Family Division Rule 1.19 C, no further service need be made upon that attorney. All such pleadings and communications shall contain a statement of compliance with this rule.
B. A no contact order in a domestic violence, stalking, or similar matter shall not be deemed to prevent either party from filing appearances, motions, and other appropriate pleadings with the court. At the request of the party filing the pleading, the court shall forward a copy of the pleading to the party or counsel on the other side of the case. Furthermore, the no contact provisions shall not be deemed to prevent contact between counsel when both parties are represented.
C. In any case when all parties are represented by lawyers, all parties' counsel may agree that pleadings filed and communications addressed to the court may be furnished to all other counsel by email. An agreement may be filed with the court by stipulation. Such agreement shall list the email address(es) at which counsel agrees to be served. The email header shall include the caption of the case and its docket number. Pleadings and communications furnished in accordance with this rule shall be attached to the email in .PDF file format. Documents so furnished may have on their signature lines a copy of counsel's signature, a facsimile thereof, “/s/ [counsel's name]” as used in the federal ECF system, or similar notation indicating the document was signed.
1.24 Pleading Requirements:
A. All pleadings and the appearance and withdrawal of counsel shall be signed by the attorney of record or an associate or by a pro se party. Names, addresses, New Hampshire Bar identification numbers, and telephone numbers shall be typed or stamped beneath all signatures on papers to be filed or served. No attorney or pro se party will be heard until an appearance is properly filed.
B. (1) In Cases Not Subject to Electronic Filing. In any case filed in the family division in which the electronic filing pilot program has not been implemented, see http://www.courts.state.nh.us/circuitcourt/efilingcourts.htm, the signature of an attorney, or a party under oath, constitutes a certificate that the pleading has been read by the person signing the document; that to the best of the person's knowledge, information and belief there is good ground to support it; and that it is not filed for delay. If a pleading is not signed, or is signed with an intent to defeat this rule, it may be stricken and the action may proceed as though the pleading had not been filed.
(2) In Cases Subject to Electronic Filing. In any case filed in the family division in which the electronic filing pilot program has been implemented, see http://www.courts.state.nh.us/circuitcourt/efilingcourts.htm, the signature of an attorney or a party constitutes a certificate that the pleading has been read by the person signing the document; that to the best of the person's knowledge, information and belief there is good ground to support it; and that it is not filed for delay. If a pleading is not signed, or is signed with an intent to defeat this rule, it may be stricken and the action may proceed as though the pleading had not been filed.
C. (1) In Cases Not Subject to Electronic Filing. In any case filed in the family division in which the electronic filing pilot program has not been implemented, see http://www.courts.state.nh.us/circuitcourt/efilingcourts.htm, no exhibits shall be attached to pleadings unless necessary to support an affidavit.
(2) In Cases Subject to Electronic Filing. In any case filed in the family division in which the electronic filing program has been implemented, see http://www.courts.state.nh.us/circuitcourt/efilingcourts.htm, no exhibits shall be attached to pleadings unless necessary to support the factual allegation(s) contained within a pleading.
D. If either party changes attorneys during the pendency of the action, the name of the new attorney shall be entered on the docket. Whenever the attorney of a party withdraws an appearance, and no other appearance is entered, the Clerk shall notify the party by mail of such withdrawal. If the party fails to appear by himself or attorney by a date fixed by the court, the Court may take such action as justice may require.
A. General. Unless specified in another section of these rules, these discovery rules apply in all family division case types. The Court, in its discretion, may limit or expand the scope of discovery in any case as justice requires.
B. Discovery Methods. Parties may obtain discovery by one or more of the following methods: depositions upon oral examination or written questions; written interrogatories; production of documents or things; permission to enter upon land or other property for inspection and other purposes; physical or mental examinations; and requests for admission. Unless the Court orders otherwise, or unless otherwise provided in these rules, the frequency of use of these methods is not limited.
C. Scope of Discovery. Unless otherwise ordered, parties may obtain discovery regarding any matter, not privileged, which is relevant to the subject matter involved in the pending action, whether it relates to the claim or defense of the party seeking discovery or to the claim or defense of any other party, including the existence, description, nature, custody, condition and location of any books, documents, or other tangible things and the identity and location of persons having knowledge of any discoverable matter. It is not grounds for objection that the information sought will be inadmissible at the trial if the information sought appears reasonably calculated to lead to the discovery of admissible evidence.
D. Expert Witnesses.
(1) Within thirty (30) days of a request by the opposing party, or in accordance with an order of the Court, a party shall be required to supply a Disclosure of Expert Witness(es) as defined under Rule 702 of the Rules of Evidence, which document shall:
(a) identify each person, including any party, whom the party expects to call as an expert witness at trial;
(b) provide a brief summary of the expert's education and experience relevant to the expert’s area of expertise;
(c) state the subject matter on which the expert is expected to testify; and
(d) state a summary of the facts and opinions to which the expert is expected to testify and a summary of the grounds for each opinion.
The party shall attach to the disclosure a copy of any expert report relating to such expert.
(2) A party may discover facts known or opinions held by an expert, who has been retained or specially employed by another party in anticipation of litigation or preparation for trial and who is not expected to be called as a witness at trial, only upon a showing of exceptional circumstances under which it is impracticable for the party seeking discovery to obtain facts or opinions on the same subject by other means.
(3) Unless manifest injustice would result, (i) the Court shall require that the party seeking discovery pay the expert a reasonable fee for time spent in responding to discovery under subdivisions 1.25 D (1) and 1.25 D (2) of this rule, and (ii) with respect and with respect to discovery obtained under subdivision 1.25 (D) (2), the Court shall require the party seeking discovery to pay the other party a fair portion of the fees and expenses reasonably incurred by the latter party in obtaining facts and opinions from the expert.
E. Written Interrogatories.
(1) General. Any party may serve written interrogatories upon any other party, by mail or delivery by hand.
The parties may agree to transmit interrogatories electronically or by computer disk, enabling the answering party to provide answers directly after each separate question using the party's available word processing technology.
Interrogatories may include any topic not subject to privilege. Furthermore, it is not grounds for refusal to answer a question that the testimony would be inadmissible at the hearing, if the testimony sought appears reasonably calculated to lead to the discovery of admissible evidence and does not violate any privilege.
(2) Notice. The party requesting the interrogatories shall provide the other party with notice of the obligation to answer the interrogatories within thirty (30) days. The notice shall be at the top of the first page and printed in capital, typewritten letters or in ten-point, bold-face print. The form of the notice shall be as follows:
Notice: These interrogatories are propounded in accordance with Family Division Rule 1.25. You must answer each question separately and fully in writing and under oath. You must return the original and one copy of your answers within thirty (30) days of the date you received them to the party or attorney who served them upon you. If you object to any question, you must note your objection and state the reason for your objection. If you fail to return your answers within thirty (30) days, the party who served them upon you may inform the court, and the Court shall make such orders as justice requires, including the entry of a conditional default against you.
Interrogatories may be served at any time after service of the action.
(3) Copies. The party serving the interrogatories shall furnish the answering party with an original and two copies. The interrogatories shall be arranged so that after each separate question space will be provided to enable the answering party to respond.
(4) Answers. Interrogatories shall be answered in writing under oath by the party upon whom served, if an individual, or, if a public or private corporation, a partnership or association, by an officer or agent who shall furnish all information available to the party.
Each question shall be answered separately, fully and responsively, such that the final document shall have each interrogatory immediately followed by its answer.
The party served with interrogatories shall provide the original and one copy of the answers, by mail or delivery in hand, to the party requesting them within thirty (30) days of receipt of the interrogatories. If, in any interrogatory, a copy of a paper or document is requested, only one copy need be included with the answers. If the copy is a report of an expert witness or a treating physician, it shall be the exact copy of the entire report or reports rendered by him, and the answering party shall certify that the existence of other reports of that expert, either written or oral, are unknown to the answering party and, if such become later known or available, the answering party shall serve them promptly on the requesting party.
(5) Extension of Deadlines. The parties may extend interrogatory deadlines by written agreement, provided any such extension is not inconsistent with discovery orders of the Court.
(6) Objections, Motions to Compel, Motions to Strike. If a party objects to any questions, that party may either answer the question by stating it is improper or may, within twenty (20) days after the service of interrogatories, move to strike any question, setting out the specific grounds of objection. The answering party shall make timely answer, however, to all questions to which that party does not object. All other interrogatories shall nonetheless be answered within the thirty days allowed, or within such time as the Court directs.
The party requesting the interrogatories who receives a response that one or more questions are improper, may within twenty (20) days, move to compel answer(s) to the question(s), and, if the motion is granted, the question(s) shall be answered within such time as the Court directs.
If a party, who is served with interrogatories requesting copies of papers, objects to furnishing them, that party may either state with specificity the reasons for non-compliance or invite the party seeking the copies to inspect and copy the papers at a designated time and place. The party seeking a copy of a paper which is not provided may within twenty (20) days of receipt of the answers file a motion seeking compliance.
Motions to strike interrogatories or to compel more specific answers shall include a statement summarizing the nature of the action and shall include the text of the questions and answers, if any, objected to.
When objections are made to interrogatories or requests for admissions, before there is any hearing regarding the objections, counsel for the parties shall attempt in good faith to settle the objections. It shall be the responsibility of counsel for the objecting party to initiate such attempt and to notify the Clerk if the objections are settled. If, following such conference, counsel are unable to settle objections, counsel for the objecting party shall notify the Clerk and request a hearing.
Where an objection to an interrogatory has been withdrawn or has been overruled by the Court, the answer to the interrogatory shall be provided within ten (10) days.
(7) Frivolous Motions. If the Court finds that a motion, which is made pursuant to this rule, was made frivolously or for the purpose of delay or was necessitated by action of the adverse party that was frivolous or taken for the purpose of delay, the Court may order the offending party to pay the amount of reasonable expenses, including attorney's fees, incurred by the other party in making or resisting the motion.
(8) Limitations on Number of Interrogatories. A party may file more than one set of interrogatories to an adverse party, but the total number of interrogatories shall not exceed fifty (50), unless the Court otherwise orders for good cause shown after the proposed additional interrogatories have been filed. In determining what constitutes an interrogatory for the purpose of applying this limitation in number, it is intended that each question be counted separately, whether it is subsidiary or incidental to or dependent upon or included in another question, and however the questions may be grouped, combined or arranged.
The other party shall have the same privileges in answering written interrogatories as the deponent in the taking of a deposition.
(9) Supplementation of Responses. If a party, who has furnished answers to interrogatories, thereafter obtains information which renders such answers incomplete or inaccurate, amended answers shall be served in accordance with Family Division Rule 1.25 J.
(10) Use of Interrogatories. Interrogatories and answers may be used at the hearing to the same extent as depositions. If less than all of the interrogatories and answers are marked or read into evidence by a party, an adverse party may read into evidence any other of the interrogatories and answers or parts necessary for a fair understanding of the parts read into evidence.
Neither the interrogatories nor the answers need be filed with the Clerk unless the Court so directs.
(11) Failure to Answer. If the party, upon whom interrogatories have been served, fails to answer the interrogatories within thirty (30) days, unless written objection to the answering of the interrogatories is filed within that period, such failure will result in a conditional default being entered by the Clerk upon motion being filed indicating such failure to answer. The party failing to answer shall receive notice of the conditional default. The conditional default shall be vacated if the defaulted party answers the interrogatories within ten (10) days of receiving notice and moves to strike the conditional default. If the defaulted party fails to move to strike the conditional default within ten (10) days of receiving notice, the adverse party may move to have a default judgment entered and damages assessed. If, upon review of an affidavit of damages, the Court determines that it does not provide a sufficient basis for determining damages, the Court may, upon its own motion, order a hearing.
F. Request for Admissions
(1) Any party may ask the other to admit certain facts or the genuineness of documents or signatures by submitting a request for admissions with the court. If the request for admissions seeks the admission of the genuineness of documents or signatures, the documents and/or signatures shall be attached to the request. Copies of the complete request as filed with the court shall be delivered by mail or in hand to the other party.
(2) Each of the matters of which an admission is requested shall be considered to be admitted unless within 30 days after delivery of the request to the other party, the other party files with the clerk and delivers a copy by mail or in hand to the party requesting such admission, or to that party’s attorney, either a sworn denial or a written objection on the ground of privilege or that the request is otherwise improper. If an objection is made to part of a request, the remainder shall be answered within the time limit. When good faith requires that a party qualify an answer, or deny only part of the matter, the party shall specify so much of the answer as is true, or qualify or deny the remainder.
Notice shall be provided to any person whose deposition is requested. Twenty (20) days notice is considered reasonable in all cases, unless otherwise ordered by the Court.
Every notice of a deposition to be taken within the State shall contain the name of the stenographer/professional proposed to record the testimony.
When a statute requires formal notice of the taking of depositions to be given to the adverse party, it may be given to such party or the party's attorney of record. Notices given pursuant to this rule may be given by mail or by service in hand. See RSA 517 et seq. If a subpoena duces tecum is to be served on the deponent, the notice to the adverse party must be served before service of the subpoena, and the materials designated for production, as set out in the subpoena, must be listed in the notice or in an attachment.
The questions and answers shall be taken in shorthand or other form of verbatim reporting approved by the Court and transcribed by a competent stenographer/professional agreed upon by the parties or their attorneys. In the absence of such agreement, the stenographer/professional shall be designated by the Court. Failure to object in writing to a stenographer in advance of the taking of a deposition shall be deemed agreement to the stenographer/professional recording the testimony.
No deposition, as transcribed, shall be changed or altered, but any alleged errors may be set forth in a separate document attached to the original and copies.
Upon motion, the Court may order the filing of depositions, and, upon failure to comply with such order, the Court may take such action as justice may require.
The signature of a person outside the State, acting as an officer legally empowered to take depositions or affidavits, with an appropriate seal affixed, where one is required, to the certificate of an oath administered by him in the taking of affidavits or depositions, will be prima facie evidence of this person’s authority.
The person being deposed shall ordinarily be required to answer all questions not subject to privilege or excused by the statute relating to depositions, and it is not grounds for refusal to answer a particular question that the testimony would be inadmissible at the trial if the testimony sought appears reasonably calculated to lead to the discovery of admissible evidence and does not violate any privilege.
If any person being deposed refuses to answer any question asked in the deposition, the party asking the question may request an order of the Court compelling an answer. If the motion is granted, and if the Court finds that the refusal was without substantial justification or was frivolous or unreasonable, the Court may, and ordinarily will, require the person deposed and the party or attorney advising the refusal, or either of them, to pay the examining or requesting party the reasonable expenses incurred in obtaining the order, including reasonable attorneys fees. If the motion is denied and if the Court finds that the motion was made without substantial justification or was frivolous or unreasonable, the Court may, and ordinarily will, require the examining party or the attorney advising the motion, or both of them, to pay to the witness the reasonable expenses incurred in opposing the motion, including reasonable attorneys fees.
H. Use of Videotape Depositions.
The Court, within its discretion, may allow the use of videotape depositions that have been taken by agreement; and provided further that, if the parties cannot reach such an agreement, the Court may, in its discretion, order the taking and/or use of such depositions. At the commencement of the videotape deposition, counsel representing the person deposed should state whose deposition it is, what case it is being taken for, where it is being taken, who the lawyers are that will be asking the questions, and the date and the time of the deposition. Care should be taken to have the witnesses speak slowly and distinctly and that papers be readily available for reference without undue delay and unnecessary noise. Counsel and witnesses shall comport themselves at all times as if they were actually in the courtroom.
If any problem arises as to the admissibility or inadmissibility of evidence, this should be handled in the same manner as written interrogatories.
A party objecting to a question asked of, or an answer given by, a witness whose testimony is being taken by videotape shall provide the court at the pretrial conference with a transcript of the videotape proceedings that is sufficient to enable the Court to act upon the objection before the hearing, or the objection shall be deemed waived.
I. Limits on Discovery. Upon motion by a party or by the person from whom discovery is sought, and for good cause shown, the Court may make any order which justice requires to protect a party or person from annoyance, embarrassment, oppression, or undue burden or expense, including one or more of the following:
(1) that the discovery not be had;
(2) that the discovery may be had only on specified terms and conditions, including a designation of the time or place;
(3) that the discovery may be had only by a method of discovery other than that selected by the party seeking discovery;
(4) that certain matters not be inquired into, or that the scope of the discovery be limited to certain matters;
(5) that discovery be conducted with no one present except persons designated by the Court;
(6) that a deposition after being sealed be opened only by order of the Court;
(7) that a trade secret or other confidential research, development, or commercial information not be disclosed or be disclosed only in a designated way; and
(8) that the parties simultaneously file specified documents or information enclosed in sealed envelopes to be opened as directed by the Court.
If the motion for a protective order is denied in whole or in part, the Court may, on such terms and conditions as are just, order that any party or person provide or permit discovery.
J. Supplementation of Responses. A party who has responded to a request for discovery with a response that was complete when made is under a continuing duty to supplement responses to include information thereafter acquired, as follows:
(1) A party is under a duty to supplement responses concerning any question regarding the identity:
(a) and location of persons having knowledge of discoverable matters; and
(b) of each person expected to be called as an expert witness, the subject matter on which the expert is expected to testify, and the substance of the testimony.
(2) A party is under a duty to amend a prior response if it is known that the response:
(a) was incorrect when made; or
(b) though correct when made, is no longer true.
K. Discovery Deadlines. The discovery dates established at a scheduling conference or other hearing are Court orders and may not be extended by the parties without written permission of the Court.
L. Abuse of Discovery. The Court, in its discretion, may sanction any party including through the use of fees and costs, for abusing the discovery process.
Rule 1.25-A Mandatory Initial Self Disclosure:
This Mandatory Initial Self Disclosure Rule applies to all new actions in the family division for divorce, legal separation, annulment, or civil union dissolution. For parenting or child support petitions, or petitions to enforce or change court orders in parenting, divorce, legal separation, or civil union dissolution cases in the family division, sections B (1) (g) through (l) shall not apply.
This rule applies to parties engaged in mediation or other alternative dispute resolution processes once the petition invoking court involvement has been served/delivered. Parties involved in alternative dispute resolution before filing are not bound by the rule until they initiate court action.
B. INITIAL DISCLOSURES.
1. Except as otherwise agreed by the parties or ordered by the Court, each party shall deliver the following documents to the other no later than the earlier of (i) forty-five (45) days from the date of service/delivery of the petition or (ii) ten (10) days prior to the temporary hearing or initial hearing on the petition, not including the First Appearance required by rule 2.11:
(a) A current financial affidavit in the format required by family division rule 2.16, including the monthly expense form.
(b) The past three (3) years’ personal and business federal and state income tax returns and partnership and corporate returns for any non-public entity in which either party has an interest, together with all tax return schedules, including but not limited to W-2s, 1099s, 1098s, K-1s, Schedule C, Schedule E and any other schedules filed with the IRS.
(c) The four (4) most recent pay stubs (or equivalent documentation) from each current employer, and the year-end pay stub (or equivalent documentation) for the calendar year that concluded prior to the filing of the action.
(d) For business owners or self-employed parties, all monthly, quarterly and year-to-date financial statements to include profit and loss, balance sheet and income statements for the year in which the action was filed; and all year-end financial statements for the calendar year that concluded prior to the filing of the action.
(e) Documentation confirming the cost and status of enrollment of employer provided medical and dental insurance coverage for:
i. The party,
ii. The party's spouse, and
iii. The party's dependent child(ren).
(f) For the twelve (12) months prior to the filing of the action, any credit, loan and/or mortgage applications, or other sworn statement of assets and/or liabilities, prepared by or on behalf of either party.
(g) For the twelve (12) months prior to the filing of the action, documentation related to employee benefits such as but not limited to stock options, retirement, pension, travel, housing, use of company car, mileage reimbursement, profit sharing, bonuses, commissions, membership dues, or any other payments to or on behalf of either party.
(h) For the twelve (12) months prior to the filing of the action, statements for all bank accounts held in the name of either party individually or jointly, or any business owned by either party, or in the name of another person for the benefit of either party, or held by either party for the benefit of the parties' minor child(ren).
(i) For the twelve (12) months prior to the filing of the action, statements for all financial assets, including but not limited to all investment accounts, retirement accounts, securities, stocks, bonds, notes or obligations, certificates of deposit owned or held by either party or held by either party for the benefit of the parties' minor child(ren), 401K statements, individual retirement account (IRA) statements, and pension-plan statements.
(j) For the twelve (12) months prior to the filing of the action, any and all life insurance declaration pages, beneficiary designation forms and the most recent statements of cash, surrender and loan value.
(k) For the six (6) months prior to the filing of the action, statements for all credit cards held by either party, whether individually or jointly.
(l) Any written prenuptial or written postnuptial agreements signed by the parties.
2. The parties may redact all but the last four (4) digits of any account numbers and social security numbers that appear on any statements or documents.
3. The parties shall promptly supplement all disclosures as material changes occur while the action is pending.
4. A party may seek a protective order for information disclosed in response to these mandatory disclosures. Protective orders will ordinarily be available upon request. In the event of a dispute concerning the need for a protective order, the party seeking the order shall file a motion requesting that the Court conduct an in camera review of the materials in dispute. The Court will review the materials and determine if a protective order is necessary. From the date of the filing of the motion until such ruling, the materials shall be produced, but shall be disclosed by the parties only to their attorneys, staff, experts/consultants, in court, and as otherwise necessary in connection with the pending action. Materials submitted for in camera review shall be sealed in the Court’s file until the Court determines the necessity of a protective order. If a protective order is issued, the Court shall seal the exhibits submitted in connection with the request for the protective order that remain in the Court’s file.
C. UNAVAILABILITY OF DOCUMENTS.
1. In the event that either party does not have any or all of the documents required under this rule or has not been able to obtain them, that party shall state in writing, under oath, the specific documents which are not available, the reasons the documents are not available, and the efforts made by the party to obtain the documents. A statement of unavailability under this provision does not limit the filing party's duty to supplement disclosures and provide the other party with documentation as it becomes available.
2. When a statement of unavailability is filed or when it otherwise becomes apparent that documents required by this rule are unavailable, the party seeking the documents may prepare and submit to the other party appropriate authorizations or releases enabling the seeking party to retrieve the documents from their source. Upon receipt of such a release or authorization the party to whom documents were unavailable shall execute and immediately return to the seeking party the release or authorization. The seeking party may use the authorization or release to retrieve the unavailable documents covered by this rule, initially at their own expense, but that expense may be reallocated upon motion or at the final hearing.
D. FAILURE TO PROVIDE INITIAL DISCLOSURES.
1. Unless and until a party provides Initial Disclosures as required by section B and C above, the Court may impose sanctions, including, but not limited to prohibiting that party from: (a) introducing into evidence any document which was required under section B or C of this rule; (b) testifying or making an offer of proof regarding information or subject matter which is likely to be contained in or referred to in section documents required by section B and C; (c) filing requests for discovery as allowed under the family division rules; or (d) filing any discovery motions.
2. If a party's failure to provide Initial Disclosures prejudices access of a compliant party to requested substantive relief, such as the calculation and receipt of child support, the Court may, in addition to other sanctions, address the relief requested by the compliant party on the basis of reasonable estimates and assumptions, at least until such time as the documents are produced.
E. ADDITIONAL DISCOVERY.
If a party is in compliance with section B and C of this rule, that party may request further information as allowed under family division rules. This rule is not intended to limit the scope of discovery as provided under family division rule 1.25.
F. COURT ORDERED COMPLIANCE
Notwithstanding any agreement by the parties for limited applicability, the Court may, at any time, order full compliance with this rule.
A. (1) In Cases Not Subject to Electronic Filing. In any case filed in the family division in which the electronic filing program has not been implemented, see http://www.courts.state.nh.us/circuitcourt/efilingcourts.htm, parties may not address written communications directly to the judge. All requests shall be by properly filed motion with certification of delivery of a copy of the motion to the other party, unless jointly filed. No exhibits shall be attached to motions unless necessary to support an affidavit.
(2) In Cases Subject to Electronic Filing. In any case filed in the family division in which the electronic filing pilot program has been implemented, see http://www.courts.state.nh.us/circuitcourt/efilingcourts.htm, parties may not address written communications directly to the judge. All requests shall be by properly filed motion with certification of delivery of a copy of the motion to the other party, unless jointly filed. No exhibits shall be attached to motions unless necessary to support the factual allegation(s) contained in a filing.
B. (1) In Cases Not Subject to Electronic Filing. In any case filed in the family division in which the electronic filing pilot program has not been implementd, see http://www.courts.state.nh.us/circuitcourt/efilingcourts.htm, the court will not hear any motion based upon facts unless the facts are verified by affidavit, or are already contained in the court record. No exhibits shall be attached to motions unless necessary to support an affidavit. The same rule will be applied as to all facts relied upon in objections to any motions.
(2) In Cases Subject to Electronic Filing. In any case filed in the family division in which the electronic filing pilot program has been implemented, see http://www.courts.state.nh.us/circuitcourt/efilingcourts.htm, the court will not hear any motion based upon facts unless the moving party indicates in writing an understanding that making a false statement in the pleading may subject that party to criminal penalties or the facts are already contained in the court record. No exhibits shall be attached to motions unless necessary to support the factual allegation(s) contained in a filing. The same rule will be applied as to all facts relied upon in objections to any motions.
C. Any party filing a motion shall certify to the court that a good faith attempt has been made to obtain concurrence in the relief sought, except in the case of dispositive motions, motions for contempt or sanctions, or comparable motions where it can be reasonably assumed that the party or counsel will be unable to obtain concurrence.
D. Motions to which all parties assent or concur will be ruled upon as court time permits.
E. Motions that are not assented to will be held for 10 days from the filing date of the motion to allow other parties time to respond, unless justice requires an earlier Court ruling.
F. Motions to Reconsider: A motion for reconsideration or other post-decision relief shall be filed within ten (10) days of the date on the Clerk’s written notice of the order or decision, which shall be mailed by the Clerk on the date of the notice. The motion shall state, with particular clarity, points of law or fact that the Court has overlooked or misapprehended and shall contain such argument in support of the motion as the movant desires to present; but the motion shall not exceed ten (10) pages. To preserve issues for an appeal to the Supreme Court, an appellant must have given the Court the opportunity to consider such issues; thus, to the extent that the Court, in its decision, addresses matters not previously raised in the case, a party must identify any alleged errors concerning those matters in a motion under this rule to preserve such issues for appeal. A hearing on the motion shall not be permitted except by order of the Court.
No answer to a motion for reconsideration or other post-decision relief shall be required unless ordered by the Court, but any answer or objection must be filed within ten (10) days of notification of the motion.
If a motion for reconsideration or other post-decision relief is granted, the court may schedule a further hearing.
The filing of a motion for reconsideration or other post-decision relief shall not stay any order of the Court unless, upon specific written request, the Court has ordered such a stay.
The third sentence of section F derives from N.H. Dep't of Corrections v. Butland , 147 N.H. 676, 679 (2002), and is not intended to preclude a party from raising an issue on appeal under the plain error rule set forth in Supreme Court Rule 16-A.
A. Except for the initial hearing in a case or for an emergency hearing, hearing dates are generally selected by agreement of the parties and the court. Therefore, motions to continue will usually be denied, except for good cause shown. The Court may condition the granting of a motion to continue on a requirement that the moving party obtain a date and time agreeable to all other parties and the court.
B. For hearings scheduled by the court without input from the parties, motions to continue shall be filed within ten (10) days from the date of the mailing of the notice of a hearing.
C. Any motion to continue filed by counsel shall contain a certification that the client has been notified of the reasons for the continuance, has assented to the motion, and has been forwarded a copy of the motion.
D. (1) In Cases Not Subject to Electronic Filing. In any case filed in the family division in which the electronic filing pilot program has not been implements, see http://www.courts.state.nh.us/circuitcourt/efilingcourts.htm, a motion to continue based upon the unavailability of a material witness must be supported by an affidavit containing the name of the material witness, the anticipated content of the testimony, what has been done to procure the attendance of the witness, including the date the request was initially made of the witness to testify, and a statement that the adverse party will not admit to the facts without the presence of the witness. The same rule shall apply with regard to the unavailability of a material document or other evidence.
(2) In Cases Subject to Electronic Filing. In any case filed in the family division in which the electronic filing pilot program has been implemented, see http://www.courts.state.nh.us/circuitcourt/efilingcourts.htm, a motion to continue based upon the unavailability of a material witness must be supported by a statement containing the name of the material witness, the anticipated content of the testimony, what has been done to procure the attendance of the witness, including the date the request was initially made of the witness to testify, and a statement that the adverse party will not admit to the facts without the presence of the witness. This statement shall be signed and shall indicate the person’s understanding that making a false statement in the pleading may subject that person to criminal penalties. The same rule shall apply with regard to the unavailability of a material document or other evidence.
E. Priority of Scheduling. Where a hearing has been scheduled in one case prior to the scheduling of another hearing, the case scheduled first shall take priority over the subsequently scheduled cases, except as follows:
(1) to accommodate a subsequently scheduled case involving a jury trial in state or federal court, or argument before the New Hampshire Supreme Court or any federal appellate court;
(2) to comply with the hearing requirements of RSA 169-B, C, or D;
(3) to comply with the hearing requirements of RSA 173-B; or
(4) if unusual circumstances cause the respective Courts to agree that an order of precedence other than the above shall take place.
1.28 Offers of Proof:
A. When making an offer of proof, an attorney represents to the Court that the witness or document which is the subject of the offer has been examined by the attorney and the attorney reasonably believes, taking into account all that is known about the case, that the evidence is not false, is admissible through a witness who could testify under oath to establish the point for which it is offered, and is not offered for a frivolous purpose. In an ex parte proceeding, the attorney also represents that any offer of proof has been accompanied by a sworn statement of all material facts known to the attorney which will enable the Court to make an informed decision of the issues presented.
B. When the Court exercises discretion to receive evidence by offers of proof, the following procedure shall be employed:
(1) an offer of proof as to the testimony of a witness shall be received only if that witness is in the courtroom at the time of the offer, and that witness would testify to the same information under oath if asked;
(2) any witness whose testimony is presented by offer of proof may be cross-examined by the opposing party, subject to the discretion of the Court; and
(3) where credibility is challenged, or for any purpose in the Court’s discretion, the Court may question the witness or require the witness’ proof be presented from the witness stand.
C. If evidence could have been accepted by the Court without the necessity of testimony under oath from a witness for its introduction, for example when the parties have agreed, that evidence may also be received by offer of proof without the presence of the witness in court.
D. Requests for restraining orders against any person should not be presented by offers of proof.
1.29 Photographing, Recording and Broadcasting
(a) Except as otherwise provided by this rule or by other provisions of law, any person, whether or not a member of an established media organization, shall be permitted to photograph, record and broadcast all court proceedings that are open to the public, provided that such person provides advance notice to the Court in accordance with section (c) of this rule that he or she intends to do so. No person shall photograph, record or broadcast any court proceeding without providing advance notice to the Court that he or she intends to do so. In addition to giving any parties in interest an opportunity to object, the purpose of the notice requirement is to allow the Court to ensure that the photographing, recording or broadcasting will not be disruptive to the proceedings and will not be conducted in such a manner or using such equipment as to violate the provisions of this rule.
(b) Official court reporters, court monitors and other persons employed or engaged by the court to make the official record of any court proceeding may record such proceeding by video and/or audio means without compliance with the notice provisions of section (a) of this rule.
(c) Any person desiring to photograph, record or broadcast any court proceeding, or to bring equipment intended to be used for these purposes into a courtroom, shall submit a written request to the clerk of the court or his or her designee, who, in turn, shall deliver the request to the Court before commencement of the proceeding, or, if the proceeding has already commenced, at the first reasonable opportunity during the proceeding, so the Court before commencement of the proceeding, or at an appropriate time during the proceeding, may give all interested parties a reasonable opportunity to be heard on the request.
(d) Any party to a court proceeding or other interested person who has reason to believe that a request to photograph, record or broadcast a court proceeding will be made and who desires to place limitations beyond that specified by this rule upon these activities may file a written motion seeking such relief. The motion shall be filed as far in advance of the proceeding as is practicable. Upon the filing of such a motion, the court may schedule a hearing as expeditiously as possible before the commencement of the proceeding and, if a hearing is scheduled, the court shall provide as much notice of the hearing as is reasonably possible to all interested parties and to the Associated Press, which shall disseminate the notice to its members.
(e) No court or justice shall establish notice rules, requirements or procedures that are different than those established by this rule.
(f) At any hearing conducted pursuant to subsections (c) or (d) of this rule, the party or person seeking to prohibit or impose restrictions beyond the terms of this rule on the photographing, recording or broadcasting of a court proceeding that is open to the public shall bear the burden of demonstrating: (1) that the relief sought advances an overriding public interest that is likely to be prejudiced if the relief is not granted; (2) that the relief sought is no broader than necessary to protect that interest; and (3) that no reasonable less restrictive alternatives are available to protect the interest. Any order prohibiting or imposing restrictions beyond the terms of this rule upon the photographing, recording or broadcasting of a court proceeding that is open to the public shall be supported by particularized findings of fact that demonstrate the necessity of the court’s action.
(g) The Court retains discretion to limit the number of cameras, recording devices and related equipment allowed in the courtroom at one time. In imposing such limitations, the Court may give preference to requests to photograph, record or broadcast made by a representative of an established media organization that disseminates information concerning court proceedings to the public. The Court also may require representatives of the media to arrange pool coverage.
(h) It is the responsibility of representatives of media organizations desiring to photograph, record or broadcast a court proceeding to contact the clerk of court in advance of a proceeding to ascertain if pool coverage will be required. If the Court has determined that pool coverage will be required, it is the sole responsibility of such media representatives, with assistance as needed from the clerk or his or her designee, to determine which media organization will provide the coverage feed. Disputes about pool coverage will not ordinarily be resolved by the court, and the court may deny media organizations’ requests to photograph, record or broadcast a proceeding if pool agreements cannot be reached. It also is the responsibility of said person to make arrangements with the clerk of court or his or her designee sufficiently in advance of the proceeding so that the set up of any needed equipment in the courtroom, including equipment for pool coverage, can be completed without delaying the proceeding. The court shall allow reasonable time prior to a proceeding for the set up of such equipment.
(i) The court shall make all documents and exhibits filed with the court, and not sealed, available for inspection by members of the public in a reasonably timely fashion, it being recognized that the court’s need to make use of documents and exhibits for official purposes must take precedence over their availability for public inspection. The court may elect to make one “public” copy of an exhibit available in the clerk’s office.
(j) The exact location of all recording, photographing and broadcasting equipment within the courtroom shall be determined by the Court. Once established, movement of such equipment within the courtroom is prohibited without the express prior approval of the presiding justice. The court may prohibit the use of any equipment which requires the laying of cords or wires that pose a safety hazard or impair easy ingress and egress from the courtroom. All equipment used must operate with minimal noise so as not to disrupt the proceedings.
(k) Unless otherwise ordered by the Court, the following standing orders shall apply to all recording, photographing or broadcasting of proceedings within any courtroom:
(1) No flash or other artificial lighting devices shall be used.
(2) Set up and dismantling of equipment in a disruptive manner while court is in session is prohibited.
(3) No recording, photographing or broadcasting equipment may be moved into, out of, or within the courtroom while court is in session.
(4) Recording, photographing or broadcasting equipment must remain a reasonable distance from the parties, counsel tables, alleged victims and their families and witnesses, unless such person(s) voluntarily approach the position where such equipment is located. No such equipment shall be used or set up in a location that creates a risk of picking up confidential communications between lawyer and client or conferences held at the bench among the presiding justice and counsel or the parties.
(5) All persons using recording, photographing or broadcasting equipment must abide by the directions of court officers at all times.
(6) Interviews within the courtroom are not permitted before or after a proceeding.
(7) A person who has been granted permission to record, photograph or
broadcast a court proceeding shall not engage in any activity that distracts the
participants or impairs the dignity of the proceedings.
With respect to subsection (c) of this rule, it is contemplated that such
requests will be deemed timely if they are filed enough in advance of the
proceeding that the presiding justice has an opportunity to read and consider
the request, to orally notify all interested parties of its existence, and to
conduct a brief hearing in the event that any interested party objects to the
request. Given the strong presumption under
With respect to subsection (c) of this rule, it is contemplated that such
requests will be deemed timely if they are filed enough in advance of the
proceeding that the presiding justice has an opportunity to read and consider
the request, to orally notify all interested parties of its existence, and to
conduct a brief hearing in the event that any interested party objects to the
request. Given the strong presumption under
1.30 Access To Confidential Records – Fees And
Notice: Any person or entity not otherwise entitled to access may file a
motion or petition to gain access to:
A. A financial affidavit filed pursuant to Family Division Rule 2.16 and kept confidential under RSA 458:15-b, I, or RSA 461-A:3.
B. Any other sealed or confidential court record. See Petition of Keene Sentinel, 136 N.H. 121 (1992).
Filing Fee: There shall be no filing fee for such a motion or petition.
Notice: In open cases, the person filing such a motion shall provide the parties to the proceeding with notice of the motion by first class mail to the last mail addresses on file with the Clerk. In closed cases, the Court shall order that the petitioner notify the parties of the petition to grant access by certified mail to the last known address of each party, return receipt requested, restricted delivery, signed by the addressee only, unless the Court expressly determines that another method of service is necessary in the circumstances.
1.31 Appeals to the Supreme Court:
A. When a question of law is to be transferred after a decision on the merits, all appeals shall be deemed waived and final judgment shall be entered on the thirty-first (31st) day from the date on the Clerk's written notice that the Court has made the decision on the merits, unless the party aggrieved enters a notice of appeal in the Supreme Court within thirty days from the date on the Clerk's written notice of the Court's decision that aggrieves the party, pursuant to Supreme Court Rule 7, and mails the number of copies provided for by the rules of the Supreme Court to its Clerk. The Court shall not grant any requests for extensions of time to file an appeal document in the Supreme Court or requests for late entry of an appeal document in the Supreme Court; such requests shall be filed with the Supreme Court. See Supreme Court Rule 21(6).
B. Whenever any question of law is to be transferred by interlocutory appeal from a ruling or by interlocutory transfer without ruling, counsel shall prepare and file with the Clerk of the family division the interlocutory appeal statement or interlocutory transfer statement pursuant to Supreme Court Rule 8 and Supreme Court Rule 9, and after the Court has signed the statement, counsel shall mail the number of copies provided for by the rules of the Supreme Court to its Clerk.
1.32 Dismissal of Cases Pending Without Action
With the exception of a case which has been accepted for appeal by the New Hampshire Supreme Court, any non-criminal matter which has been pending without action for two calendar years from the date of the last court action may be dismissed by the court. Thirty days prior to dismissal the court shall send a notice of the pending dismissal to the last known address of all parties and counsel of record. A case may be considered “pending without action” in the following circumstances:
Circuit Court Family Division Rules Table of Contents